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How to List SIP Settings Across All Macs

Using Kolide, You Can Easily View and Query Mac SIP Settings Across Your Fleet.

Introduction

SIP stands for System Integrity Protection. Apple's support site provides the following description...

System Integrity Protection is a security technology (macOS 10.11+) designed to help prevent potentially malicious software from modifying protected files and folders on your Mac. System Integrity Protection restricts the root user account and limits the actions that the root user can perform on protected parts of the Mac operating system.

System Integrity Protection also helps prevent software from selecting a startup disk. To select a startup disk, choose System Preferences from the Apple menu, then click Startup Disk. Or hold down the Option key while you restart, then choose from the list of startup disks.

For more information please refer to the official Apple Support documentation: About System Integrity Protection on your Mac

What Mac SIP Setting Data Can Kolide Collect?

Kolide's endpoint agent bundles in osquery to performantly collect Mac SIP Settings from Macs in your fleet. Once collected, Kolide will parse, clean up, and centrally store this data in Inventory for your team to view, query, or export via API.

Kolide metliciously documents every piece of data returned so you can understand the results.

Mac SIP Settings Schema

Column Type Description
id Primary Key

Unique identifier for the object

device_id Foreign Key

Device associated with the entry

device_name Text

Display name of the device associated with the entry

config_flag Text

The label of the configuration flag (ex: allow_unrestricted_dtrace)

enabled Boolean

true if the configuration option is enabled; otherwise false.

enabled_nvram Boolean

true if the configuration option (as stored in NVRAM) is enabled; otherwise false.

collected_at Timestamp

Time the row of data was first collected in the database

updated_at Timestamp

Time the row of data was last changed in the database

What Can You Do With This Information?

Kolide enables you to write your own queries against the data the agent collects. This allows you to build your own reports and API endpoints. For example, you can:

Identify Macs with System Integrity Protection Disabled
Kolide SQL
SELECT 
  device_id,
  device_name,
  hardware,
  enabled AS sip_enabled
FROM mac_sip_configs msc
JOIN devices d ON d.id = msc.device_id
WHERE config_flag = 'sip'
AND enabled = 'false';
Example Results
hardware device_id device_name sip_enabled
MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2018) 60435 Ashleys-MacBook-Pro false
iMac Pro (2017) 34723 daves-imac false
MacBook Pro (16-inch, 2019) 136727 balthazar false
MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2016) 135231 carl false
MacBook Pro (13-inch, 2018) 135887 Franks-MBP false
MacBook Air (2017) 135848 Alicia-Air false

Why Should I Collect Mac SIP Settings?

Monitoring the configuration of System Integrity Protection is important as it is a critical security component on macOS devices and should not be disabled outside of extenuating circumstances. Devices that do not have System Integrity Protection properly configured are much more susceptible to potential compromise by malicious software.

End-User Privacy Consideration

Kolide practices Honest Security. We believe that data should be collected from end-user devices transparently and with privacy in mind.

This inventory does not capture any personally identifiable information.

When you use Kolide to list Mac SIP Setting data from end-user devices, Kolide gives the people using those devices insight into exactly what data is collected, the privacy implications, and who on the IT team can see the data. This all happens in our end-user privacy center which can be accessed by employees through Slack or Google Workspace account.

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